Pattachitra, known for its brilliant play of colors, is a traditional folk art form of eastern India that has been in existence for many centuries. Pattachitras are painted narrative scrolls — executed by a class of itinerant singing scroll painters variously known as Patuas, Chitrakars, Patikars or Patidars — characterized by religious and social motifs and images painted on cloth.
Since centuries, the Patuas have walked from village to village singing moral and mythological stories, unfurling their painted scrolls to illustrate their songs, the lyrics and tunes of which they composed themselves. The Patuas were the chief source of entertainment in the villages and their art was a combination of storytelling, painting and singing. With the passage of time, people who have adopted this art form as a profession have dwindled though it is still practiced in certain places.